EV101

Contents

  1. What are the different types of electric vehicles?
  2. What are the benefits of electric vehicles?
  3. How far can you drive an electric vehicle?
  4. How do you charge an EV?
  5. Other Resources

Electric Vehicles

An electric vehicle or EV contains a rechargeable battery which powers an electric motor for propulsion. EVs can be recharged by plugging into the electricity grid.

There are two types of electric vehicles:

  1. Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV)
    • A BEV runs entirely on electricity, using it to power an electric motor and battery, and must be plugged into an external source to fully recharge.
  1. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV)
    • A plug-in hybrid uses an electric motor and battery that can be plugged into the power grid to charge, but also has the support of an internal combustion engine.

A special note on Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV): This website does not consider HEVs to be electric vehicles as they do not plug into the electricity grid. HEVs use gasoline and regenerative braking in order to power an electric motor and an internal combustion engine.

 

Benefits of Electric Vehicles

Fun to Drive

Electric cars are fun to drive! With instant torque and smooth acceleration, it’s a refreshing and exhilarating ride.

Cost Savings

EVs cost as little as $320 a year to fuel. When compared to $2,400 for a gasoline vehicle*, those are big cost savings!

*Based on British Columbia gas prices and average driving assumptions.

Reduce Carbon Emissions

With no tailpipe, battery electric vehicles produce no harmful greenhouse gases. The only associated emissions after production come from upstream electricity generation within your grid, which can be little to none at all depending on the source.


Diverse Models

There are a variety of electric vehicle models available, each with diverse ranges and price points. With over 30 to choose from in Canada, there are several that will meet your individual needs. View the latest list here.

Latest Technologies

EVs have advanced technology, and many have mobile app integrations that provide information about the vehicle. The apps collect data that can tell you how far you can drive given your current battery charge, and even allow you to control your car by locking the doors or pre-heating the interior.

Less Maintenance

Gasoline engines are complex with hundreds of moving parts. Electric vehicles, on the other hand, have minimal moving parts within the motor.  With fewer moving parts, necessary maintenance is significantly reduced. EV owners save time and money in comparison to conventional vehicle owners.

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Electric Vehicle Range

The first question many ask is, “How far can an EV travel before it needs to be recharged?”.

The average daily drive in urban regions is 30km. All Battery Electric Vehicles can drive at least 100km before needing to be recharged, with most ranges reaching 200km . There are some BEVS that can drive up to 540km!

 

How do you charge an EV?

It’s easy to charge an EV! All electric vehicles can be plugged into a 110V outlet to charge. Most owners use L2 chargers (240V) which give an EV battery a full charge within 4-6 hours. DC Fast Chargers are increasingly available in public, and operate on 480V in order to top up a battery to 80% within 30 minutes. Learn more about how to charge an electric vehicle here.

 

Other Resources:

Plug In BC EV Beginners Guide:
pluginbc.ca/beginnerguide/

BC Hydro EV basics:
www.BCHydro.ca/ev

Electric Vehicle Incentives in BC:
 pluginbc.ca/charging-program/

Maps of public charging stations:
www.plugshare.com or www.ChargeHub.com

Follow Emotive on Facebook:
www.facebook.com/emotivebc  

Charging in multi-unit apartment buildings and condos:
www.evcondo.ca and pluginbc.ca/charging-program/murb/

Connect with EV owners:
Vancouver Electric Vehicle Association (VEVA)