Policy on EVs can benefit the continued, and increasing adoption of EVs in BC and across Canada/US. Below is a list of policies that various levels of government (municipal, regional, provincial, and federal) have taken to support EVs. This is not to be confused with EV incentives such as BC’s Multi-Unit Residential Building EV Charging Program or point-of-sale vehicle incentives. This list is not exhaustive.
Canadian Tax Code: Capital Cost Allowance Classes now allows for EV charging stations to be classified at a higher rate than previous allowances. The new rates are:
- Class 43.1 with a CCA rate of 30% electrical vehicle charging stations (EVCSs) set up to supply more than 10 kilowatts but less than 90 kilowatts of continuous power. This is for property acquired for use after March 21, 2016, that has not been used or acquired for use before March 22, 2016.
- Class 43.2 with a CCA rate of 50% electrical vehicle charging stations (EVCSs) set up to supply 90 kilowatts and more of continuous power. This is for property acquired for use after March 21, 2016, that has not been used or acquired for use before March 22, 2016.
This is useful for businesses that wish to claim depreciation expenses for Federal income taxes.
British Columbia HOV lane policy allowing EVs access to the HOV lane regardless of number of passengers
British Columbia Provincial Building Act was revised in 2016 to define EV chargers as matters ‘out of scope’ under the Building Act. ‘Out of scope’ is defined as “matters… local government can regulate… if they have authority to do so in other statutes.” This gives local governments greater flexibility in making decisions regarding the use of EV charging in new developments
British Columbia Strata Property Act was revised in March 2017 under regulation 6.9 to clarify that variable user fees are permitted for the use of strata common property. A consumption based rate may be charged to users to recover expenses as long as it is reasonable and in a bylaw or rule. Examples include electricity usage for those charging electric vehicles.
Ontario Building Code was revised in 2017 to include provisions for EV charging (section 3.1.21) in Part 3 and Part 9 buildings. The provisions go into force on January 1, 2018
Ontario Green License Plate program allowing EVs access to HOV lanes, and HOT (tolls) free of charge
Quebec Zero-Emission Vehicle Standard requiring 3.5% of all new light-duty sales in 2018 and 15.5% in 2025 be zero-emission vehicles
Quebec Green License Plate program allowing EVs access to certain HOV lane, and certain ferries and HOT (tolls) free of charge
City of North Vancouver Sustainable Development Guidelines policy requiring EV charging in single and multi-family builds.
- Capacity for Level 2 in all parking spaces for single family homes
- Space in the electrical room to support EV charging for all parking spacesOutlet for Level 2 in 20% of residential spaces with a branch circuit of at least 40A in multi-family buildings
- New gas station developments must include alternative fuelling stations such as L3 (DC Fast Chargers), CNG, Hydrogen, or Propane.
City of Port Coquitlam Zoning Amendment Bylaw 4035 requiring EV charging in new builds (residential and mixed use),
- One parking space per dwelling unit shall have a Level 2 station with a 240v or 208v circuit breaker on an energized electrical panel connected by raceway to an outlet
- Buildings with common parking (includes mixed-use) shall have a single utility meter and disconnect in line with the electrical panel intended to provide charging of EVs
City of Richmond Zoning Bylaw 8500 requiring EV charging in new builds (residential only), revised bylaw 9756.
- 100% of new residential parking spaces, excluding those provided for visitors use, shall have access to an adjacent energized outlet capable of providing Level 2 charging
City of Vancouver Building Code Bylaw 10908 requiring EV charging in new builds (commercial and residential), revised bylaw Electric Vehicle Charging s 10.2.3.
- This bylaw was updated on March 14, 2018 to increase the percentage of EV-ready stalls in multi-unit residential buildings from 20% to 100%
- For new buildings current bylaw requires:
- 1 EV-ready stall in single-family homes with garages
- 10% of stalls be EV-ready in commercial buildings
- 100% of stalls be EV-ready in multi-unit residential buildings
City of Vancouver Metered Parking Policy allows for:
- Registered and unregistered electric scooters to park for free in metered spaces marked for motorcycles or scooters
- Registered electric scooters receive a 75% discount on rates in regular parking metered spaces
District of North Vancouver Implementation of EV Charging Infrastructure with Development policy requiring multi-family, commercial, and industrial builds, document 2380934.
- Multi-family in District of North Vancouver:
- 20% of parking stalls are EV-ready (wired for L1 charging)
- Conduit in place for 100% of parking stalls to be wired for L1 in the future
- Commercial/Industrial in District of North Vancouver:
- Approximately 10% of parking stalls are EV-ready (wired for L2 charging)
District of Squamish Electric Vehicle Charging Amendments requiring Level 2 charging in multi-family builds, amending Zoning bylaw 2200, 2011.
- 30% of off-street parking stalls in multi-unit residential buildings shall have shared access to EV charging receptacles
- EV charging receptacles provided at visitor stalls will not contribute to this requirement
- EV charging receptacles are defined as having a minimum Level 2 (240 v) charge
- EV charging receptacles can provide charging for a fee
District of West Vancouver 2012 motion to council requiring multi-family and commercial buildings to provide EV charging
- All new multi-family development provide an appropriate number of dedicated EV plug-in outlets, ideally one for each unit, and new commercial developments over 1500 m2 in floor area provide for an expansion of the public electric vehicle charging network
City of Toronto Green Standard requires developers to add additional parking spots for EVs in Tier 1 development, and rough-ins for EV charging in Tier 2 developments. Tier 1 development makes EV spots mandatory while Tier 2 is a voluntary standard.
City of Surrey Alternative Fuel Infrastructure at Gasoline Stations amendment requiring alternative fueling stations be installed with new gas station installations, document R146 amending Surry Zoning byaw 1993.