Electric Vehicle Policies.

Electric vehicle policies can benefit the continued and increasing adoption of electric vehicles in BC and across Canada. Below is a list of policies that various levels of government (municipal, regional, provincial, and federal) have taken to support EVs. This is not to be confused with EV incentives such as point-of-sale vehicle incentives. This list is not exhaustive.

Federal

Canadian Tax Code Capital Cost Allowance Classes.

EV charging stations can be classified at a higher rate than previous allowances. The new rates are:

  • Class 43.1 with a CCA rate of 30% electrical vehicle charging stations (EVCSs) set up to supply more than 10 kilowatts but less than 90 kilowatts of continuous power. This is for property acquired for use after March 21, 2016, that has not been used or acquired for use before March 22, 2016.
  • Class 43.2 with a CCA rate of 50% electrical vehicle charging stations (EVCSs) set up to supply 90 kilowatts and more of continuous power. This is for property acquired for use after March 21, 2016, that has not been used or acquired for use before March 22, 2016.

This is useful for businesses that wish to claim depreciation expenses for Federal income taxes.

Capital Cost Allowance Classes

British Columbia

Zero-Emission Vehicles Act

This act requires automakers to meet an escalating annual percentage of new light-duty ZEV sales and leases, reaching: 10% of light-duty vehicle sales by 2025, 30% by 2030, and 100% by 2040.

BC ZEVA

Ministerial Order M104

This order allows persons who are not otherwise public utilities, as well as landlords and strata corporations, to provide EV charging services for compensation. Please note that payment for electricity by kWh still requires a device approved by Measurement Canada, but charging stations have not yet been approved. Rates by the hour, or a flat fee, to use a station are still the conventional methods of placing a rate on charging station use.

Ministerial Order M104

HOV Lane Access

This policy allowing EVs access to high occupancy vehcile lanes regardless of the number of passengers. See more details and order the required HOV lane decal on the Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure site.

HOV Lane Decal

Provincial Building Act

The building act was revised in 2016 to define EV chargers as matters ‘out of scope’ under the Building Act. ‘Out of scope’ is defined as “matters… local government can regulate… if they have authority to do so in other statutes.” This gives local governments greater flexibility in making decisions regarding the use of EV charging in new developments.

BC Strata Property Act

The act was revised in March 2017 under regulation 6.9 to clarify that variable user fees are permitted for the use of strata common property. A consumption based rate may be charged to users to recover expenses as long as it is reasonable and in a bylaw or rule. Examples include electricity usage for those charging electric vehicles.

Strata Property Act

The act was revised in March 2017 under regulation 6.9 to clarify that variable user fees are permitted for the use of strata common property. A consumption based rate may be charged to users to recover expenses as long as it is reasonable and in a bylaw or rule. Examples include electricity usage for those charging electric vehicles.

Strata Property Act

Municipal

City of Burnaby

Zoning Bylaw 13903, Amendment Bylaw No. 24, 2018 includes provisions for electric vehicle charging requirements for new residential developments.

  • All parking spaces for dwelling units shall include an energized outlet capable of providing Level 2 charging or higher
  • Includes single-family homes and multi-family buildings of all sizes
  • Exceptions include visitor and secondary suite parking, and parking for existing units
  • Bylaw is in effect starting September 1 2018.

District of Central Saanich

District wide EV and E-bike strategy:

EV ready charging requirements, introduced in October 2020:

  • Endorsed by Council at September 28, 2020 meeting and referred to public hearing in October 2020;
  • Land Use Bylaw Parking Regulations: amended sections included Part 1, Definitions; Part 6 Section 40, Off-Street Parking for New and Existing Buildings; Part 6 Section 43, Required Off-Street Parking Table 2 and definitions; Part 6 Section 44, Provision of Bicycle Parking Spaces).

City of Coquitlam

The zoning bylaw has been amended to include EV parking spaces. See Part 714 of the bylaw.

  • July 30th 2018. See the requirements guide.
  • All new constructions must have one energized outlet capable of L2 charging for every dwelling unit (includes single family and MURBs).

City of Kamloops

Council authorized the adoption of the Electric Vehicle (EV) and Electric Bike (E-Bike) Strategy on August 25, 2020 with the understanding that only action items with no costs attached will move forward in 2021. Other actions identified within the strategy will be revisited as funding becomes available. See the strategy here.

Targets include:

  • By 2023, all newly constructed off-street residential parking will be EV-ready.
  • By 2030, all residential parking in existing apartments will be EV-ready.
  • By 2030, most households without access to on-site parking for “at-home” charging will have access to EV charging, through a mix of workplace, on-street, and other forms of public charging (to be measured via surveys and/or other analysis).

City of Kelowna

The city provides a parking Eco Pass for electric vehicles. Electric vehicles, including plug-in hybrids, can receive a one year eco pass which allows two hours of free parking a day in paid parking areas.

City of Nelson

The city has amended its zoning bylaw:

  • One stall per dwelling unit is required to be EV ready in new single family and multi-unit residential.
  • Two stalls per 10 required stalls of new commercial builds are required to be EV ready.

City of New Westminster

  • Starting April 1, 2019, all new buildings that contain at least one residential unit will be required to install a Level 2 (208 to 240 volt) energized outlet to the residential parking spaces. See details here.
  • Please view the City’s updated Development Permit Area (DPA) guidelines to learn more about the recommended EV charging infrastructure for new commercial, institutional and industrial buildings.

City of North Vancouver

The zoning bylaw has been amended to include 100% EV ready parking in multi-unit residential buildings:

  • This applies to development or building permit applications accepted for review on or after June 1, 2019.
  • All parking spaces in new residential buildings must have a labelled, energized outlet capable of providing Level 2 charging for an electric vehicle.
  • This includes all new single family, coach houses, duplexes, triplexes and apartments, as well as parking spaces for shared vehicles.
  • Secondary suites are not included.
  • EV energy management systems or “load sharing” can be used to meet the requirements

District of North Vancouver

The Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Policy, updated in March, 2021,  covers multi-family, commercial, and industrial developments, as well as bicycle storage.

  • Multi-family in District of North Vancouver:
    • All parking stalls (not including visitor parking) must feature energized outlets* capable of providing Level 2 charging or higher.
  • Commercial/Industrial in District of North Vancouver:
    • At least 20% of parking stalls (not including accessible parking) must feature energized outlets* capable of providing Level 2 charging or higher,
    • All accessible parking stalls must feature energized outlets capable of providing Level 2 charging or higher.
  • Bike storage:
    • In addition to these vehicle requirements, all secure bicycle storage must include Level 1 (110v) electric outlets for electric bicycle charging, as stipulated in the Bicycle Parking Policy and End-of-Trip Facilities Policy.

City of Port Coquitlam

Zoning Amendment Bylaw 4035 requires EV charging in new builds (residential and mixed use):

  • In effect Jan 23 2018
  • For a residential building other than a building with a common parking area, one parking space per dwelling unit shall be provided with roughed-in electric vehicle charging infrastructure including an electrical outlet box located within 3 metres of the unit’s required parking space.
  • For a residential building with a common parking area, a separate single utility electrical meter and disconnect shall be provided in line with the electrical panel(s) intended to provide for charging of electric vehicles located within 3 metres of the unit’s required parking space.
  • In a mixed-use building including residential uses and a common parking area, a separate single utility electrical meter and disconnect shall be provided in line with the electrical panel(s) intended to provide for charging of electric vehicles located within 3 metres of the unit’s required parking space.

City of Port Moody

EV ready requirements appear in bylaw 2937 Section 6.11 March 1, 2019.

  • See the technical bulletin here.
  • All spaces in new residential constructions require an energized outlet capable of L2 charging.
  • 20% of spaces in new commercial constructions require an energized outlet capable of L2 charging.

City of Richmond

Zoning Bylaw 8500 requires EV charging in new builds (residential only), revising bylaw 9756.

  • October 15, 2017.
  • 100% of new residential parking spaces, excluding those provided for visitors use, shall have access to an adjacent energized outlet capable of providing Level 2 charging.

District of Saanich

Development and Building Permit applications for new buildings applied for on or after September 1, 2020 will need to demonstrate compliance with the following Bylaws related to Electric Vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure requirements:

See more on District of Saanich’s EV Infrastructure Requirements page.

District of Squamish

Zoning bylaw 2200, 2011, has been amended to require:

  • 30% of the required off-street parking spaces in any shared parking areas for multiple unit residential use shall have shared access to Electrical Vehicle Charging Receptacles. Electric Vehicle Charging Receptacles provided at visitor parking spaces will not contribute towards this requirement.
  • 100% of the required off-street parking stalls in any shared parking areas for multiple unit residential use shall be provided with Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure. (Bylaw 2610, 2018)

City of Surrey

The zoning bylaw was amended on February 25, 2019 to require Electric Vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure in ALL new residential and commercial developments.

  • February 25, 2019. See the technical bulletin here.
  • 100% of residential parking spaces in new residential developments must each have an installed energized electrical outlet capable of providing Level 2 charging for an electric vehicle. This requirement applies to both single-family and multiple unit residential dwellings.
  • 50% of visitor parking spaces in multiple unit residential developments must each have an installed energized electrical outlet capable of providing Level 2 charging for an electric vehicle.
  • 20% of parking spaces in new commercial developments must each have an installed energized electrical outlet capable of providing Level 2 charging for an electric vehicle.

City of Vancouver

Building Code Bylaw 10908 requiring EV charging in new builds (commercial and residential), revised bylaw Electric Vehicle Charging s 10.2.3.

  • This bylaw was updated on March 14, 2018 to increase the percentage of EV-ready stalls in multi-unit residential buildings from 20% to 100%
  • For new buildings current bylaw requires:
    • 1 EV-ready stall in single-family homes with garages
    • 10% of stalls be EV-ready in commercial buildings
    • 100% of stalls be EV-ready in multi-unit residential buildings

District of West Vancouver

Sustainable Buildings Policy 02-80-386 requires EV ready parking spaces:

Effective April 23, 2018. New buildings should demonstrate that all residential parking spaces, excluding visitor parking spaces, include a labeled and energized outlet capable of providing at a minimum of Level 2 electric vehicle (EV) charging as defined by SAE International’s J1772 standard. Any energy management system that controls the rate and timing of EV charging shall be certified to be sufficient for this purpose.